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Vatican City: the world’s smallest state and monarchy

Vatican City State is the world’s smallest state, located entirely within the Italian capital, Rome. Covering 0.17 square miles (121 acres), Vatican City also has the smallest population of any country in the world, at roughly 800 inhabitants. The Vatican is one of the most unique countries in that it is an elective ecclesiastical monarchy, with the Head of the Catholic Church, His Holiness…
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Why is the President of France Co-Prince of Andorra?

The Principality of Andorra, one of the world’s smallest countries, is located between France and Spain in the Pyrenees Mountains. The Principality is one of Europe’s least-known countries, with a population of around 76,000. Andorra is a rare modern example of a political system known as a diarchy, in which two people rule jointly. Other modern examples of a diarchy include Eswatini…
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