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European royals in the British line of succession: The Dutch Royal Family

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© RVD

In the next in our series, Royal Central is taking a look at the members of the Dutch Royal Family who are in the British line of succession.

Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau was the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, and Anne, Princess Royal, the daughter of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. In 1748, Anne gave birth to the future William V, Prince of Orange.

Carolina would go on to be pregnant 16 times. With one miscarriage, only seven of her children survived to adulthood. What may be considered one of her most lasting legacies was that all eight kings and queens of current reigning dynasties are descended from Carolina.

Queen Elizabeth II is a descendant of Carolina’s through her daughter, Henriette of Nassau-Weiburg, who married Duke Louis of Württemberg. Their grandson was Francis of Teck, later Duke of Teck who married Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge. Mary Adelaide is the mother of Mary of Teck, who married King George V, the current Queen’s grandfather.

As for King Willem-Alexander, he is a descendant of Carolina’s through her eldest surviving son, Frederick William. Frederick William married Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg. From their son William, Duke of Nassau’s second marriage to Princess Pauline of Württemberg, they had seven children. Their fourth daughter, Princess Emma would become the second wife of King William III of the Netherlands in 1879. Together, they had one daughter, the future Queen Wilhelmina who went on to marry Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. And they had one surviving daughter, the future Queen Juliana. Juliana’s eldest daughter is the Princess (former Queen) Beatrix, Willem-Alexander’s mother.

In addition, King Willem-Alexander and Her Majesty The Queen are fifth cousins twice removed as they are both descendants of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg. 

1200. Princess Beatrix

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Princess Beatrix reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 1980 until her abdication in 2013. She is the eldest daughter of Queen Juliana and her husband, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.

Beatrix abdicated in favour of her eldest son, Williem-Alexander. At the time, she was 75, the oldest reigning monarch in the country’s history.

1201. King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands

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Born in 1967, Willem-Alexander is the oldest child of Princess Beatrix and diplomat Claus van Amsberg. Willem-Alexander was removed from the British line of succession upon his marriage to a Roman Catholic in 2002. Because of the Succession to the Crown Act of 2013, he was reinstated.

Prior to the birth of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s first child, the act replaced male-preference rights with absolute rights for those in the line of succession and born after 28 October 2011. Meaning the eldest child, regardless of sex, precedes his or her brothers and sisters.

The act also repealed the Royal Marriages Act 177 which ended disqualification of a person who married a Roman Catholic, from the succession. This also removed the requirement for the Sovereign’s approval when it came to marriages for those outside the first six persons in line to the throne.

1202. Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange

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Born 7 December 2003, Catharina-Amalia is the heir apparent to the throne of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. She is the eldest child of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima.

1203. Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

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Born 26 June 2005, Alexia is the second daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima. She is a member of the Dutch Royal House and is second in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.

1204. Princess Ariane of the Netherlands

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The youngest daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima, Ariane was born 10 April 2007. She is currently third in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.

1205. Countess Emma Luana Ninette Sophie of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg

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Countess Emma Luana Ninette Sophie of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg was born 26 March 2005 in London. She is the eldest daughter of the late Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau and Princess Mabel.

Prince Friso died in 2012 after being buried under an avalanche while skiing off-piste in Austria. Because of his marriage without an Act of Consent in 2004, he lost his membership in the Dutch Royal House and was no longer in the line of succession the throne. Because of this, Friso’s children are not considered in the Dutch line of succession. Instead, following King Willem-Alexander’s daughters, the fourth in line to the throne is Prince Constantijn.

1206.  Countess Joanna Zaria Nicoline Milou of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg

Countess Joanna Zaria Nicoline Milou of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg, was born on 18 June 2006.

1207. Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands

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Prince Constantijn is the third and youngest son of Princess Beatrix. The younger brother of Willem-Alexander, he is currently fourth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.

1208. Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau

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Claus-Casimir is the second child of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands. Born 21 March 2004, he is ahead of his elder sister, Countess Eloise, in the British line of succession because of the Succession to the Crown Act of 2013. Claus-Casimir’s sister, Countess Eloise was born 2 June 2002. Because she was not born after 28 October 2011, she does not precede her brother in the line of succession.

By Royal Decree of 11 May 2001, it was determined all children and male-descendants of Prince Constantijn would bear the title of Count (Countess) of Orange-Nassau and the honorific Jonkheer (Jonkvrouwe)van Amsberg with the style of “His/Her Highborn Lord/Lady” and have the surname, Van Oranje-Nassau van Amsberg.

Upon Queen Beatrix’s abdication, the children of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien ceased to be members of the Royal House. They do continue to be members of the Royal Family.

1209. Countess Eloise of Orange-Nassau

Currently fifth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne, Eloise was born 8 June 2002. She is the first child of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien.

1210. Countess Leonore of Orange-Nassau

Seventh in line to the Dutch throne, Leonore was born 3 June 2006.

1211. Princess Margriet of the Netherlands

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Born 19 January 1943, Margriet is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard. The aunt of King Willem-Alexander, she is currently eighth and last in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.

1212. Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven

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The eldest son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Professor Pieter van Vollenhoven, Maurits was born 17 April 1968.

1213. Lucas van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven

The second child of Prince Maurits and Princess Marilène of Orange-Nassau, Lucas was born in 2002.

1214. Anna Anastasia van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven

The oldest child of Prince Maurits and Princess Marilène of Orange-Nassau, Anna Anastasia was born in 2001. Because the Succession to the Crown Act of 2013 does not apply to them, Anna Anastasia’s younger brother comes before her in the line of succession.

1215. Felicia van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven

The third child of Prince Maurits and Princess Marilène of Orange-Nassau, Felicia was born in 2005.

By Royal Decree of 26 May 1988, the children of van Vollenhoven bear the surname “van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven”, without titles.

1216. Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven

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The second son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Professor Pieter van Vollenhoven, Bernhard was born 25 December 1969. With Willem-Alexander’s succession, Bernhard is no longer a member of the Dutch Royal House, and he is no longer in direct succession to the throne. He still retains his membership in the Dutch Royal Family.

1217. Samuel van Vollenhoven

Prince Samuel is the second child of Prince Bernhard and Princess Annette of Orange-Nassau; he was born in 2004. Because the Succession to the Crown Act of 2013 does not apply to them, Samuel comes before his older sister, Isabella.

1218. Benjamin van Vollenhoven

Prince Benjamin is the youngest child of Prince Bernhard and Princess Annette of Orange-Nassau; he was born in 2008. Because of the Succession to the Crown Act of 2013 not applying to them, Samuel comes before his older sister, Isabella.

1219. Isabella van Vollenhoven

Princess Isabella is the oldest child of Prince Bernhard and Princess Annette of Orange-Nassau; she was born in 2002.

1220. Prince Pieter-Christiaan of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven

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Prince Pieter-Christiaan is the third son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Professor Pieter van Vollenhoven. Before the succession of his cousin, Prince Williem-Alexander, he was a member of the Dutch Royal House and 12th in line to the throne. Since Williem-Alexander’s succession, he is no longer in the line of succession or a member of the Dutch Royal House. He still maintains his membership as a member of the Dutch Royal Family.

1221. Pieter Anton Maurits Erik van Vollenhoven

Pieter is the second child of Prince Pieter-Christiaan and Princess Anita. Born 15 May 2008, he comes before his sister in the line of succession because the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 does not apply to births before 2011.

1222. Emma Francisca Catharina van Vollenhoven

The first child of Prince Pieter-Christiaan and Princess Anita, Emma was born 28 November 2006.

1223. Prince Floris of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven

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The fourth and youngest son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Prof. Pieter van Vollehoven, Floris was born on 10 April 1975.

1224. Magali Margriet Eleonoor van Vollenhoven

Magali Margriet Eleonoor van Vollenhoven is the first child of Prince Floris and Princess Aimée; she was born 9 October 2007.

1225. Eliane Sophia Carolina van Vollenhoven

Eliane Sophia Carolina van Vollenhoven, the second child of Prince Floris and Princess Aimée, was born 5 July 2009.

1226. Willem Jan Johannes Pieter Floris

Willem Jan Johannes Pieter Floris, the third child of Prince Floris and Princess Aimée was born 1 July 2013.

King Willem-Alexander’s maternal aunts, Princess Irene and the late Princess Christina, converted to Catholicism and lost their places in the British line of succession. Their children and grandchildren are not in the line of succession as they are also Catholics.

Editor’s Note: These are estimates as to the royals’ place in the British line of succession. As of 2011, Princess Beatrix was 1160. Since then, there have been 14 babies born to those in the first 100 places; therefore, we added 14 to the 2011 calculations to account for those births. We added a further 26 to the calculations to account for births in the Danish, German, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish, and Serbian royal families after 2011. Any children who have been born to those further down the line of succession have not been accounted for, so the Dutch royals could be a bit further down the line of succession.

About author

My name is Sydney Zatz and I am a University of Iowa graduate. I graduated with a degree in journalism and sports studies, and a minor in sport and recreation management. A highlight of my college career was getting the chance to study abroad in London and experiencing royal history firsthand. I have a passion for royals, royal history, and journalism, which led me to want to write for Royal Central.