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March’s calendar of historic royal moments

World Economic Forum/CC/Flickr

1 March 1955:

On this day in 1955, Vice Admiral Timothy Laurence was born in Camberwell, England. The former equerry to Queen Elizabeth II married The Princess Royal on 12 December 1992 after her divorce from Captain Mark Phillips.

5 March 1133:

On this day in 1133, King Henry II was born in France to Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou, and Empress Matilda; he was, therefore, the grandson of King Henry I. Henry II was married to Eleanor of Aquitaine and was the first monarch in the House of Plantagenet. He was preceded by King Stephen and succeeded by his son, Richard I. It is widely believed that Henry was a very unpopular king among his opposers and his court due to his extensive political and legal changes to English Common Law.

6 March 1954:

On this day in 1954, Princess Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe Coburg and Gotha was born at Claremont House. His father, Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany died just months before his birth. He had five children with his wife, Princess Victoria Adelaide.

8 March 1702:

On this day in 1702, William III died at Kensington Palace. The widow of Queen Mary II had continued to reign after his co-monarch’s death in 1694. The King had been born in The Hague into the House of Orange-Nassau in 1650. He and his wife had no children, meaning the King was succeeded by his sister-in-law, Queen Anne.

10 March 1863:

On this day in history, King Edward VII (Prince Albert, The Prince of Wales) married Princess Alexandra of Denmark at St George’s Chapel. The ceremony was held when The Prince of Wales was 21 and the Princess was 18. The couple proceeded to have six children, one of whom was the future King George V.

10 March 1964:

On this day in 1964, the last child of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip was born at Buckingham Palace. Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis and his elder brother, Prince Andrew (b. 1960), were the first children to be born to a reigning monarch since the children born to Queen Victoria. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, married Sophie, the Countess of Wessex in 1999, and they share two children, Louise and James.

Picture by Stephen Lock / i-Images

14 March 1958:

Prince Albert of Monaco was born on this day to Prince Rainier and Princess Grace as their second child. Born with American citizenship through his mother, the Prince renounced it when he turned 21. He became the Sovereign Prince of Monaco upon the death of his father in 2005.

17 March 1886:

On this day in 1886, Princess Patricia of Connaught was born at Buckingham Palace to Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and Princess Louise of Prussia. The Princess was the youngest child of the couple, preceded by her brother, Prince Arthur and her sister, Princess Margaret. She became Lady Patricia Ramsey after her marriage to Sir Alexander Ramsey.

18 March 1848:

On this day in 1848, Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll was born at Buckingham Palace to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; she was their sixth child and fourth daughter. Princess Louise married John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll but never had children. She died at Kensington Palace in 1939.

20 March 1413:

On this day in 1413, King Henry IV died at the age of 46 in Westminster, London. He is buried at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent. Henry was preceded by his cousin, Richard II and succeeded by his son, Henry V. He married Mary de Bohun and had six children; he also had an illegitimate son from a mistress.

21 March 1871:

On this day in 1871, Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll married John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll at St George’s Chapel, Windsor. The couple never had any children and lived together at Kensington Palace where Princess Louise died in 1939.

23 March 1990:

On this day in history, the younger daughter of the Duke and Duchess of York was born at The Portland Hospital in Marylebone. Princess Eugenie Victoria Helena of York was the sixth grandchild of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip. She married Jack Brooksbank on 12 October 2018 at St George’s Chapel.

Stephen Lock/i-Images

24 March 1953:

Queen Mary of Teck died on this day in 1953. The wife of King George V and mother of both King Edward VIII and King George VI was born at Kensington Palace in 1867. She was a member of the extended British Royal Family by birth and lived at Kensington Palace and Richmond Lodge. The Princess was introduced to Prince Albert Victor, the eldest son of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, and became engaged. However, he died before their marriage. The Princess was then engaged to his brother, the future King George V.

24 March 1603:

On this day in 1603, the second daughter of King Henry VIII died at Richmond Palace at the age of 69. Queen Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry’s second wife, Anne Boleyn, and the half-sister of Queen Mary and King Edward VI. Queen Elizabeth would never marry or have any children, becoming known as the ‘Virgin Queen’ and famously stating that she was ‘married to England’. Elizabeth reigned for 45 years. As there was no heir apparent, the English throne went to King James VI of Scotland who became James I of England.

27 March 1879:

On this day in history, Prince Waldemar of Prussia died in Potsdam, Prussia, German Empire. The young royal was only 11 when he died in 1879 from diphtheria. He was believed to be the favourite child of his mother, Princess Victoria, The Princess Royal and Frederick III, German Emperor.

27 March 1625:

On this day in 1625, King James VI and I died at the age of 58 at Theobalds House in Hertfordshire. He was born at Edinburgh Castle in 1566 as the son of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. Following the forced abdication of Queen Mary, James was named as the King of Scots at the age of thirteen months. After the death of Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, James was named as the King of England. He married Anne of Denmark and had several children, including the future King Charles I.

28 March 1884:

On this day in 1884, Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, died in Cannes, France. The eighth child and youngest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert died from haemophilia. He was married to Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, and they had one child, Princess Alice. At the time of his death, Princess Helena was expecting a son. Prince Charles Edward was born four months after the death of his father. 

28 March 1965:

On this day in 1965, Princess Mary, Countess of Harewood died at Harewood House in Yorkshire. The only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary was the sister of King Edward VIII and King George VI. She had two children and was married to Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood.

29 March 2012:

On this day in 2012, Isla Phillips was born in Gloucestershire, England. The younger daughter of Peter and Autumn Phillips is also the second granddaughter for The Princess Royal and the second great-grandchild for Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip.

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30 March 2002:

On this day in 2002, Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother died at Royal Lodge in Windsor. The mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, The Countess of Snowdon was born on August 4, 1900, in either Hitchin or London and was 101 when she died. The former wife of King George VI is buried at St George’s Chapel.

31 March 1900:

On this day in 1900, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester was born at York Cottage at Sandringham. The third son and fourth child of King George V and Queen Mary of Teck was the first royal child to be educated at school rather than being educated at home. The Prince attended Eton College in Windsor. At the time of his death, Prince Henry was the last surviving child of King George V, and his widow, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester is the longest-living member of the Royal Family, dying aged 102 at Kensington Palace.