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The Many Titles of Queen Elizabeth II

Her Majesty The Queen, since her birth in 1926, has been granted the use of numerous official and unofficial titles and styles befitting her position as a child of a royal Duke, the heir presumptive to the throne, the spouse of a royal Duke and as Sovereign. Although The Queen is known as, simply ‘The Queen’ or ‘Elizabeth II’ by her subjects, this is an oversimplified version of her royal title.

In the United Kingdom, the Queen is officially titled ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith’, with the style of ‘Majesty’. This title was altered in 1953 in order to reflect more clearly the relations of the members of the Commonwealth to one another and of their recognition of the Crown as a symbol of their free association.

Prior to this, as altered following the independence of India in 1947, the title of the Sovereign was ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Queen, Defender of the Faith’.

In Her Majesty’s other fifteen realms, variations of this title are officially used, reflecting her position as the head of state in these countries. These, in most cases, follow the style of ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of [name of the Commonwealth Realm] and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth’, which applies to most of her other realms.

In the realms of Canada and Granada, Her Majesty’s title denotes her position as Queen of the United Kingdom; in Canada, the title is ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith’. In Grenada, her title is ‘… Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Grenada and Her other Realms and Territories…’. New Zealand follows a similar way of referring to the Queen, but include the title ‘Defender of the Faith’.

As well as these official titles, there are many unofficial titles that the Queen has been granted. Her Majesty The Queen was awarded the title ‘Mother of all People’ by the Salish nation in Canada. In Jamaica, Her Majesty is unofficially known in Jamaican Patois as ‘Missis Queen’ or ‘The Queen Lady’. In New Zealand, The Queen is unofficially known as ‘the White Heron’ by the Maori people, a cherished bird rarely seen in New Zealand.

In addition to these affectionate titles, Her Majesty The Queen is also known by various historic but informal titles. In the Channel Islands, consisting of the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey and their dependencies, The Queen is known as the Duke of Normandy. This title reflects the fact that these islands had been part of the Duchy of Normandy since the 10th century. However, The Queen reigns as Queen and is also referred to as ‘The Crown in Right of Jersey/Guernsey’, although sometimes referred to as ‘The Queen, Our Duke’.

From 2010, The Queen has been called ‘Queen of Gibraltar’ in a semi-official way. This title appeared on a Gibraltarian £5 coin and now appears on Gibraltarian and British government documents in reference to The Queen as Sovereign in Gibraltar. However, as a British Overseas Territory, the Rock does not enjoy this as an official title in the same way that the Commonwealth Realms enjoy differing titles.

Even though Fiji abolished their monarchy in 1987, The Queen was still known, unofficially, as ‘Tui Viti’ which translates as ‘Paramount Chief’. The Great Council of Chiefs, a constitutional body disbanded in 2012, recognised The Queen as being the incumbent holder of these titles, although these titles were not recognised by the Fijian government.

For republicans, the unofficial address of ‘Mrs. Windsor’ has entered into circulation as a pejorative title to demonstrate discontent towards the existence of the monarchy. However, this title is not one that will be received with disdain from some and disregard by many.

  • Alan de Astudillo

    I’ll just call her Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Saxe-Coburg & Gotha, or cousin….

    • Théo

      Cousin?

      • Alan de Astudillo

        Yes, my cousin, as in prima. Relative, cousine in French. How else do you say that in anglosaxon/english? I’m pretty sure cousin is the only word to describe such a relation in english, and it’s a boring language because there is no male-female differentiation in the words.
        -Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain
        -George VI
        -George V
        -Alexandra, princess of Denmark
        -Christian IX, king of Denmark
        -George I, King of Greece
        -Constantine I, king of Greece
        -Paul I, king of Greece
        -Sofía, queen of Spain
        -Felipe VI, King of Spain
        -Juan Carlos I, King of Spain
        -Juan of Borbon, count of Barcelona
        -Alphonse XIII, King of Spain
        -Jaime of Spain, Duke of Segovia
        -Alfonso de Borbón, duque de Cádiz y de Anjou
        -Luis Alfonso de Borbón y Martínez Bordiu, duque de Anjou
        -María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
        -María del Carmen Franco y Polo, 1ª duquesa de Franco
        -María del Carmen Polo y Martinez-Valdez, 1st lady of Meirás
        -Felipe Polo y Florez
        -Claudio Polo y Astudillo
        -Isabel de Astudillo
        Then Isabel’s father connects directly into the House of Astudillo, which is one of the oldest houses of nobility in Spain. Much older than the House of Borbón, but we’re married into the House of Borbón as you can see from this genealogy trail.

        • vegastearoom

          My, you certainly go out of your way to document what a tedious asshole you are. Congratulations.

          • Alan de Astudillo

            Yes, my ancestor also kept some German slaves in Rome must explain why I treat you like inferior scum. I document 1 Dead British Child in Barcelona, 1 Dead British Husband, and 1 Dead Canadian Father.. The rest is all documented by Spain & Rome over the past 2000 years, obviously Roman Visigoths are much more civilized than the Anglosaxons will ever be. All you have are parades & bullshit websites without any actual access to any archives. Everything and everyone in england is completely disposable.

          • vegastearoom

            Could you rephrase that? As an American I think I missed some of your finer points as I am more ancestrally aligned with Ostrogoths.

          • Alan de Astudillo

            As an American… pff the US is a corporate fiction/persona ficta. I call it Las Indias and so does our national government archives in Spain (Archivo General de Indias). Ostrogoths died out in what you now call Italy. The only surviving goths left alive today are the Visigoths in Spain (Spanish nobles with germanic names that end in ez, Jimenez, Fernandez, Gonzalez, Mendez, Rodriguez, etc. with a few exceptions but mostly all end in -ez) The remaining Ostrogoths were absorbed into the Lombards who established a kingdom in Italy in 568, they don’t exist anymore, but Visigoths had and still have but enforce less our LIMPIEZA DE SANGRE & GENETIC PRESERVATION laws that the Ostrogoths did not have and besides the Ostrogoths were destroyed & absorbed when the Lombards invaded Italy so even if some practiced Limpieza de Sangre, that stopped when the Lombards destroyed them. I am a patrilineal descendant of a Roman family who’s been having babies with Visigothic women for at least 16 centuries, that’s why my name in modern castilian seems more Italian than other Visigothic-Iberian names, because it is Roman from Italy, the Statilio Italian branch still exists but our names are pretty rare compared to other names in both Spain & Italy. The Astudillo spanish branch also is in Italy today along with our Statilio cousins. Visigoths diluted by marrying eventually but slowly with Roman nobles and then Iberian natives and spread throughout the world. Now you can find all level of genetic concentrations of Visigoth blood. We conquered all of Latin America and arrived with Columbus in the 15th century, so there’s plenty of us in Latin America too.

          • Frank Van Der Heijden

            Big effing deal…..my ancestors were Adam and Eve

          • Alan de Astudillo

            Adam & Eve never existed you fucking autistic barbarian german piece of shit. The bible is pure fraud and your germanic asses are converted. You and your ancestors were all converted from your pagan barbarian ways. FIRST HUMAN CREATION STORY Genesis 1:27: So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. SECOND HUMAN CREATION STORY Genesis 2:18-22: And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him. And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.

            It’s interesting that so many people remember the second story about Eve being created from Adam’s rib, but not the first one. Let’s not forget Lilith either…

            During the Roman Empire, the Romans used the word “barbarian” for many people, such as the Germanics, Celts, Gauls, Iberians, Thracians, Illyrians, Parthians, Berbers and Sarmatians. Not much has changed has it…

      • Alan de Astudillo

        We also have a city in Spain, which is one of the oldest in Spain dating back to the days of Augustus. Roman Empire, etc.
        Some Kings of Castile lived in our city during the Reconquista. We have streets named after us in Spain & in Rome. The first permanent stone Amphitheater in Rome was built by my ancestor Titus Statilius Taurus (Tito Estatilio Tauro). Many castles, family buried in the Cathedral of Burgos, You can read more on wikipedia, the ArchivesPortalEurope . net and also PARES which is the portal to Spanish Government Archives, if you know how to read/write Spanish in order to be able to use the governmental website. Adios.

  • Alan de Astudillo

    Don’t try to banning me again, you don’t have that power. I can knock out your entire website by snapping my fingers. I can put you out of service for real. Your little admin bans won’t work with me.

  • Karen119

    One would think that republicans would refer to HM as Mrs Mountbatten rather than Mrs Windsor.

    • Ms Sisyphus

      Elizabeth Windsor retained her name upon her marriage. Not only that, it was passed to her children, who are legally Windsors, not Mountbattens.

      • Alan de Astudillo

        Before 1917, members of the British Royal Family had no surname, but only the name of the house or dynasty to which they belonged.

        Kings and princes were historically known by the names of the countries over which they and their families ruled. Kings and queens therefore signed themselves by their first names only, a tradition in the United Kingdom which has continued to the present day.

        The names of dynasties tended to change when the line of succession was taken by a rival faction within the family (for example, Henry IV and the Lancastrians, Edward IV and the Yorkists, Henry VII and the Tudors), or when succession passed to a different family branch through females (for example, Henry II and the Angevins, James I and the Stuarts, George I and the Hanoverians).

        Just as children can take their surnames from their father, so sovereigns normally take the name of their ‘House’ from their father. For this reason, Queen Victoria’s eldest son Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (the family name of his father Prince Albert). Edward VII’s son George V became the second king of that dynasty when he succeeded to the throne in 1910.

        In 1917, there was a radical change, when George V specifically adopted Windsor, not only as the name of the ‘House’ or dynasty, but also as the surname of his family. The family name was changed as a result of anti-German feeling during the First World War, and the name Windsor was adopted after the Castle of the same name.

        At a meeting of the Privy Council on 17 July 1917, George V declared that ‘all descendants in the male line of Queen Victoria, who are subjects of these realms, other than female descendants who marry or who have married, shall bear the name of Windsor’.

      • Storm Adams

        There was an Order in Council which proclaimed descendants were legally able to use the surname ‘Mountbatten-Windsor’.

  • Scott White

    You forgot to mention some of the titles / roles that mean the most to The Queen. That is of wife, Mother, Grandmother, Great Grandmother, cousin, and friend. The Queen is very proud of her family, even though they do not always get along and the Grandchildren have all said how much she is there for them and supports them in their lives. In my opinion, the role that means the most to her of the ones I have listed would be wife. The way she looks at The Duke of Edinburgh, the way that she is the most relaxed when he is by her side shows the depths of the love and respect that they have had for each other in almost 70 years of marriage (70 years this November).

  • Paul Sexton

    In Great Britain Queen Elizabeth 2 is affectionally known as THE QUEEN or OUR QUEEN God Bless her!

  • Frank Van Der Heijden

    I call her Betty Windsor

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