When the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall announced their engagement in February 2005 they wasted no time in setting a date or venue for their marriage. They immediately told the world they would marry in April that year in a civil ceremony at Windsor Castle followed by a service of blessing at St. George’s Chapel later the same day. Yet just a week later, they had to move their civil marriage out of the castle. So why did the future king have to change his wedding plans?
It all came down to the terms of a licence. Until the mid-1990s, civil marriages in England and Wales could only be held in register offices. The Marriages Act 1994 allowed these ceremonies to take place in other buildings, like castles, as long as the venue is licenced. Windsor Castle wasn’t but any fledgeling applications were stopped in their tracks by one rule. The terms of a licence state that the venue must ‘’be regularly available to the public for the solemnization of marriages’’. If Charles and Camilla did get the go ahead to hold their civil wedding at Windsor Castle then, for the next three years, the ancient building had to be open to others to say ‘I do’ there as well.
Which is why, on February 17th 2005, the couple announced they would instead get married at the nearby Windsor Guildhall in the town’s High Street. It’s not far from Castle Hill which leads to the royal residence and it’s steeped in history. The 17th century Grade I listed building was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and restored in the 19th century. Charles and Camilla wed in the smaller of the two locations available for civil marriages, the Ascot Room, and their marriage is now included in the venue’s story on the local authority’s website.
Since then, a lot has changed. Civil marriages now account for the majority of weddings in England and Wales and there are thousands of venues licensed for ceremonies including several present and former royal homes. Kensington Palace has a licence as do Hampton Court Palace, Kew Palace and the Banqueting House. But not Windsor Castle. The only weddings that take place there are in St. George’s Chapel and that has certainly been a rather busy place over the past few years.