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State & Ceremonial

The Queen could prorogue Parliament to end Brexit deadlock

MPs have been openly discussing proroguing Parliament early in order to end the Brexit deadlock.

Speaking in the House of Commons, Solicitor General Robert Buckland said that Parliament might have to prorogue so the Prime Minister can bring back her Brexit deal before the House.


According to, Prorogation (pronounced ‘pro-ro-ga-tion’) marks the end of a parliamentary session. It is the formal name given to the period between the end of a session of Parliament and the State Opening of Parliament that begins the next session.


This would involve The Queen proroguing Parliament for a short period of time, thus ending the current session and entering a new one.

Her Majesty would also need to deliver a new Queen’s Speech and attend a State Opening of Parliament if prorogation takes place.

Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg also suggested that ending the current session of Parliament would path the way for Theresa May to bring her Brexit deal before the house again.

The suggestion of prorogation comes after Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow, announced that he would not allow the Prime Minister to bring back her deal unless it is substantially different to her previous meaningful votes.

It is a well-established convention that MPs should not vote on the same piece of legislation more than once during a Parliamentary session.

Considering MPs have already voted down the Prime Minister’s deal twice in the space of a few months, she cannot now bring it back before the House for a third time during this session.

This is why MPs are considering proroguing so Parliament enters a new session and Theresa May is free to bring her deal back before the Commons.

With 11 days to go until the UK is scheduled to leave the European Union, it is unlikely there is enough time for substantial changes to be made to her deal meaning the country either faces leaving the EU with no deal, or a there will be a long extension to the Article 50 process.