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#OnThisDay in 1394: Philippa of England, future Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, was born

On this fateful day, the 4th of June, in the year 1394, Philippa of England or Philippa of Lancaster was born. She was a gift to her biological parents, Henry Bolingbroke, later on crowned with the title of: King Henry IV of England and his wife, Mary de Bohun at Peterborough Castle located at Cambridgeshire, England.

Seven years later, Philippa’s father, King Henry IV, had an agreement with Denmark’s monarch incumbent, Queen Margaret I. The agreement contained the betrothal between the heir of the English throne and Catherine, sister to the heir of the Nordic thrones.

Through this arranged marriage, an alliance between England and the Kalmar Union or Union of Kalmaris will be fortified. The Kalmar Union was a state in the medieval era that was also popularly termed: Scandinavia. The major participating nations back then were the following: Denmark, Sweden, Norway and other minor include Finland and other Norway’s overseas territories: Iceland, Greenland, Faroe Islands and the Northern Isles.Upon the settlement of agreements,Queen Margaret I would not agree to the conditions of the English party; instead placing Philippa to marry Eric.

On the 26th of June, circa 1406, a wedding was held in Lund Cathedral, it was Philipa and Erics’s union, celebrating the espousal of both parties. At the early years of their marriage, Philippa desire to spend her queendom mostly in Sweden, in which she gained large parts of Sweden as dower.

Philippa’s husband, Eric of Pomerania, ruled over large parts of Scandinavia, as he inherited them from her late adoptive mother, Queen Margaret I of Denmark. Eric was a known as King Eric III in Norway, King Eric II in Denmark and King Eric XIII in Sweden; but in all nations he was known as Erik Pommern. Eric was also the first ruler of the Nordic alliance of Kalmar Union and he was also granted the title of Duke Eric I of Pomerania.

According to some scholarly debate, Queen Philippa did most of her duties in Sweden, as she was efficient during her time of regency. Some scholars also believe that she was, perhaps, more of an efficient Queen and ruler to their people rather than her husband, Eric of Pomerania.

 

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